Cruise tourism is a form of tourism that involves traveling by cruise ship, usually around tourist destinations. Cruise ships are large ships, equipped with cabins and all passenger amenities, that can be at sea for several days or even weeks at a time. Cruises are often organized in warm and sunny regions, such as the Caribbean, the Greek Islands or the South Seas, but there are also polar cruises, which sail in the icy waters of the Arctic or Antarctic. Cruise tourism has become very popular in recent years, with millions of people boarding cruise ships around the world every year.
Cruising: an essential dimension of international tourism
Yes, cruise tourism has become an important part of international tourism. According to the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), the number of cruise passengers around the world has increased significantly in recent years, with more than 30 million people boarding cruise ships in 2019. This growth is due in part to the growing popularity of cruises as form of vacation, as well as the increase in the range of cruise ships and destinations offered. Cruises are especially popular with seniors and families, but are also becoming increasingly popular with young people and singles.
Cruise tourism can have a significant impact on the economy of some destinations, especially in tropical regions and islands, where cruise ships can be an important source of income for local communities. However, cruise tourism can also cause problems such as passenger influx and stress on local infrastructure, as well as environmental problems such as water pollution and marine life disturbance. It is therefore important that destinations and cruise lines take steps to minimize the negative impacts of cruise tourism on the environment and local communities.
The spatial logic of cruising
The spatial logic of cruising refers to the travel and destination patterns that underlie cruise tourism. In general, cruise ships follow established itineraries, which include stops at a number of ports where passengers can disembark and explore the area. These ports can be located in popular tourist destinations, such as the Caribbean, Southeast Asia or the Middle East, or in more exotic destinations, such as Antarctica or Greenland.
The spatial logic of cruising is influenced by many factors such as season, passenger preferences and transportation costs. Cruise ships are usually stationed at strategic departure ports, such as Miami, Singapore or Dubai, and follow itineraries that span great distances and stop at a number of ports around the world. Cruise lines are also increasingly offering themed cruises, focusing on specific destinations or activities, such as diving, golf or wine.